Reports Climate change & Adaptation with Rainwater Harvesting as Possible Intervention




Climate change & Adaptation with Rainwater Harvesting as Possible Intervention


The impacts caused by the rapidly changing climate such as floods, droughts, extreme weather and unpredictable seasons have higher possibility to increase poverty and disparity among the people. These impacts hit first and most to those people who are least responsible for the greenhouse gas emissions; especially people living in geographically vulnerable places under vulnerable environmental, socio-economic, institutional and political conditions. These communities are made more vulnerable to the harsh climatic conditions due to numerous factors like higher dependency on the natural resource, low income, poor or inadequate infrastructure, lack of access to technology and knowledge, weak institutional capacity, limited assets and lack of external intervention etc. Hence, proper attention is utmost necessary to address those all issues and consequences.

The research "Study to assess Climate change & Adaptation with Rainwater Harvesting as Possible Intervention" was conducted on the impact, vulnerability and adaptation to the climate change at micro level and based solely on the local people’s perception of Salyan and Kanchanpur district. The research revealed the very fact that extreme weather and climate induced impacts, low rainfall, lack of fertilizers, increased disease and pest attacks (resulting from irregular rainfall and increased temperature), and lack of irrigation were listed as the main reasons behind the decline in agricultural production in the study areas; ultimately threatening the food security in future. Also higher dependency on natural water resources and swift drying up of these resources due to warming climate has caused water stress in the study areas and predicted to have more water stress in all sectors in coming years along with the frequent water hazards in rainy seasons. The Vulnerability assessment also revealed that agricultural and water sector were found more vulnerable in Salyan district (VDC 1 & 2) and Lipna VDC of Kanchanpur which is then followed by Income/savings, health, livestock and infrastructures.

For these reasons, adaptation is already necessary as people’s lives and livelihood face an increasing burden of climatic stresses. However, intervention should be down to earth focusing on the real needs of the community and those which are socially acceptable, technically and ecologically feasible and sustaining the livelihood of communities. People of studied areas have already tried to adapt to climate change by promoting crop diversification, changing cropping practice to conserve water and increasing the conservation of forest resources but these measures were not found sufficient for the study area, especially to poor local community.

The technology of rainwater harvesting can be the suitable adaptation measures to cope with climate change. This has been proved in Lipna, Daijee VDC, Kanchanpur itself, where installations of RWH system have helped community people in great deal to minimize water paucity problem. At present, there is limited application of RWH, despite its high potential for addressing the impacts of climate change on water security. Storing rainwater although is a traditional approach in recent time, it had been neglected but now it is again gaining popularity. Introduction of incentives or subsidies for water conservation can further help to promote the rainwater harvest system (RWH). Similarly construction of plastic pond by harvesting rain for irrigation purpose can also support and increase the agricultural production. 

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