Reports Monitoring of RWH Systems in Dharan, Dhankuta and Ilam Districts

 



 

 

Monitoring of RWH Systems in Dharan, Dhankuta and Ilam Districts

SUMMARY

In Nepal, most of the accessible areas have already received improved water supply services while there are still several challenges associated with providing a safe drinking water supply in remote and water scarce areas. The villagers not only suffered from water crisis and contamination, but the problem also greatly contributed to the gender-based discrimination that is already rampant in rural Nepali societies. Rainwater Harvesting has proven to be a feasible alternative water source in such challenging environments where other means of water supply have very little or no approach. It is the suitable solution for water supply particularly in hills where there is still devoid of access to safe and adequate drinking water due to the complex geography, scattered settlements and the declining water sources, possibly the impact of climate change.

With the aim to acquire the current scenario and the monitor the progress of using RWH systems, the selected project sites of Biogas Sector Partnership Nepal (BSP-N) and Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH) were visited in three project districts - Dharan, Dhankuta and Ilam Districts of Nepal. These projects were supported by RAIN Foundation, The Netherlands. The main objective of the investigation was to conduct monitoring and water quality test of the RWH systems constructed under RAIN-Pilot project. The selected systems constructed have been monitored in rural and urban households, schools and health post.

With a reliable source of water in the courtyard, people were motivated to build toilets and give up defecating in the fields. Sanitation and health have improved accordingly. Both households and institution are now capable meet the water demands to wash up, drink, and use in their toilets and other activities. Women and girls are now relieved with the burden of water collection and several young girls even attend the local school without any interfering obligation to make several of these trips each day. Also the sensitive issues of menstrual hygiene among teenage girl students have been well addressed due to better access to water and sanitation in the school resulting into their better academic performances. However, people are still habituated to previous water sources due to the lack of knowledge that rainwater is drinkable and have poor water quality.  


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